Glossary of Terms

Below are some of the terms we use in Martial Arts Training, they consist of everyday terms like counting and then specialised terms for blocks, punches and kicks.

 

COUNTING:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
ICHI itch One
NI nee Two
SAN sun Three
SHI she Four
GO go Five
ROKU rook Six
SHICHI shitch Seven
HACHI hutch Eight
KU koo Nine
JU joo Ten

GENERAL TERMINOLOGIES:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
CHOKAN SENSEI cho-kan sen-say Principal or Head Instructor
SENSEI sen-say Teacher or Instructor
SEMPAI sem-pie Assistant Instructor
DOJO doe-joe Training Hall
GI gee Uniform
MUSUBI DACHI musubi dachi Heels Together
SEIZA say-zar Formal Sitting
REI ray Bow
MOKSU mok-sow Close Your Eyes
MOKSU-YAME mok-sow ya-may Open Your Eyes
AUTANGANI au-ta-ga-nee Everybody
HAI hey Yes!
YOI yoy Ready/Parallel Stance
KIAI key-eye Shout of Spirit
KIME kim-ay Ready/Take Position
HAJIME ha-jim-ay Begin
YAME ya-may Stop
SEIKIN say-kin 1st Two Knuckles on Fist
TSUKI zu-ki Punch
UCHI oo-chi Strike
UKE 00-kay Block
GERI gery Kick
JODAN joe-dan Head Level
CHUDAN chew-dan Stomach Level
GEDAN gee-dan Groind or Low Level

PUNCHES & STRIKES:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
CHUDAN TSUKI chew-dan zu-ki Stomach Level Punch
JODAN TSUKI joe-dan zu-ki Head Level Punch
URA UCHI oo-ra oo-chi Back Fist Strike
HAITO UCHI hi-toe oo-chi Ridge Hand Strike
SHITA TSUKI sh-ta zu-ki Short Punch
TATE EMPI UCHI tate em-pee oo-chi Upward Elbow Strike
YOKO MAWASHI EMPI UCHI yo-kow ma-washee em-pee oo-chi Side Round Elbow Strike
SHUTO UCHI shew-toe oo-chi Knife Hand Strike

KICKS:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
MAE GERI may gery Front Kick
MAWASHI GERI ma-washee gery Round Kick
YOKO GERI yo-kow gery Side Kick
USHIRO GERI you-shiro gery Back Kick

BLOCKS:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
JODAN AGE UKE joe-dan ar-gi oo-kay Rising Head Level Block
UCHI UKE oo-chi oo-kay Inside Hooking Block
SOTO UKE so-toe oo-kay Outside Hooking Block
GEDAN BARAI ge-dan bar-eye Downwards Block
SOTO NI NAKA so-toe nee na-kay Sweeping Block
CHUGE UKE chew-gi oo-kay Double Block
TEKUBI KAKE UKE TSUKAMI HIKI Open Hand Hooking / Gripping / Pulling Block
MAWASHI UKE ma-washee oo-kay Round Block
TATE SHUTO UKE tate shue-toe oo-kay Knife Hand Block

STANCES:

WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
HEIKO DACHI hey-cow datch Ready Stance
ZENKUTSO DACHI zen-koot-sue datch Long Forward Stance
HENZENKUTSO DACHI hen-zen-koot-sue datch Short Forward Stance
KIBA DACHI key-bar datch Horse Riding Stance
SHIKO DACHI she-kow datch Sumo Stance
KOKUTSO DACHI kow-koot-sue datch Back Leaning Stance
SANCHIN DACHI sub-chin datch Pigeon Toed Stance
NEKOASHI DACHI neck-o-ashy datch Cat Stance
KATA car-tar Pre-arranged pattern of techniques against imaginary opponents
KUMITE koo-mi-tay Non-contact sparring with an opponent
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